Images from the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection

Many of the inquiries received by the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection over the years are requests for images–images of Hawai‘i’s members of Congress by themselves, images of them together as a delegation, images of them with VIPs, campaign images, and images of historical events. To better connect researchers with HCPC images, we are happy to share a small collection of images from the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection.

Senator Hiram Fong in the snow in front of the Capitol, March 21, 1967. Senator Hiram L. Fong Papers, Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection, University Archives & Manuscripts Department, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Library

In this collection, you’ll find a few lighthearted images, like the one above, as well as historically significant images, like an image depicting the first official 50-star flag to be flown above the U.S. Capitol. It was flown on July 4, 1960, and was subsequently presented to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl). 

These images were selected to showcase some of the notable national and international events that our members of Congress took part in–such as the effort to obtain redress for Japanese Americans interned during WWII, the Watergate hearings, and the Iran-Contra Affair hearings–and also to showcase some of Hawai‘i’s political history.

Representative Spark Matsunaga, Representative Tom Gill, Governor John Burns, Lieutenant Governor William S. Richardson, and Senator Daniel Inouye, ca. 1962. Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers, Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection, University Archives & Manuscripts Department, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Library.

Of course, there are many images that didn’t make it into the digital image collection: hundreds of images of members posing with their Hawai‘i constituents on the steps of the Capitol or in the Senate dining room; photos of birthday parties and staff holiday parties; family photos; images of volunteers vacuuming 1291 Kapi‘olani Blvd. (which would become 1982 Matsunaga campaign headquarters); lots of pineapples and huli huli chicken. 

To my mind, these images are no less significant. Altogether, the images in the Congressional collections document this multifaceted work, and the many people–staff, volunteers, family, constituents, fellow lawmakers–who are an integral part of the process. 

You can take a look at the digital image collection here.

In Appreciation of Campaign Volunteers

“This will not be a tea party. It will be a tough, hard fight and none of us can afford to let down for a minute.”

–1962 election speakers’ kit, Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers

We’re used to seeing candidates on debates, on the news, in commercials, on social media. What’s a lot less visible is the labor of the thousands of volunteers working tirelessly behind the scenes stuffing envelopes, arranging speaking engagements and coffee hours, phone banking, canvassing, coordinating fundraisers, and registering voters. From silk screening T-shirts to repairing torn banners, every contribution matters. “No matter how you spend your day, you can do something to help Sparky!” reported the August 26, 1964, edition of Sparky Re-election Campaign News (Senator Spark M. Matsunaga Papers).



The campaign files in the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection reveal much about strategy, party politics, the way that race and class operate in Hawai‘i, among other subjects. They also convey a sense of the day-to-day grind of campaigns, and the critical role that volunteers play in that work. “I want to thank you for your generous donation of kamaboko for the open house at my campaign headquarters during my recent campaign,” reads one thank-you letter written during Senator Inouye’s 1968 campaign. Other letters thank supporters for  “the loan of your plants,” “the use of the thermo cooler,” “your donation of the typewriters,” “your donation of chicken,” “your donation of aku,” and “the use of your truck” (Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers).

“We are in dire need of office help at the headquarters,” the October 21, 1964, issue of Sparky Re-election Campaign News pleaded. “Many mailings of thank-you letters for donations, banner displays and coffee hours left-over from before the primary must be sent out at once. Call Headquarters and arrange for a time. Even if you can’t spend some time for Sparky at the office, arrangements can be made for supplying you with some homework” (Senator Spark M. Matsunaga Papers).

In his 1959 campaign for U.S. Senate, Hiram Fong personally shook the hand of nearly 50,000 people. This was part of his “Fong Plan” to reach out to independents and democrats in non-republican districts through recruitment, outreach, letter writing, strategic appearances, and advertising. “The campaign staff worked an average day of 12 to 16 hours, seven days a week. The candidate worked equal, if not greater hours. With variations, key volunteers equaled this schedule…. Our fundamental belief was that only hard work on the part of all could lead to victory and our reputation for hard work and dedication not only inspired workers but impressed and influenced voters” (Hiram L. Fong Papers).


During Matsunaga’s 1976 campaign for U.S. Senate, he hosted a series of “Breakfast with Sparky” events that attracted 5,000 people. Volunteers woke up at 3 am to prepare pancakes, scrambled eggs, hot chocolate, and coffee (Senator Spark M. Matsunaga Papers).

Candidates certainly recognized the value of volunteers. In a thank you letter to a volunteer, Senator Inouye wrote, “With this kind of back-up, I cannot fail to serve you and all of the other people in Hawaii to the very best of my ability in the U.S. Senate” (Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers).

An Invitation to Celebrate: the 1979 Establishment of Asian Pacific American Heritage Week

Reports of racism and xenophobia, along with the disproportionate way that COVID-19 has been impacting our communities, are bringing an increased sense of urgency to May 2020’s Asian Pacific American Heritage Month celebrations. They echo some of the reasons for establishing the original designation over 40 years ago. The now month-long event was first celebrated for just a week: the week of May 4, 1979.

Efforts to establish the first Asian Pacific American Heritage Week were coordinated by the Asian Pacific Congressional Staff Caucus and National Coalition for an Asian Pacific American Proclamation, led by Ruby G. Moy, Chief of Staff for Representative Frank Horton (R-NY), and Jeanie Jew, a Capitol Hill staff member whose grandfather, M. Y. Lee, had immigrated to the U.S. from China to help build the transcontinental railroad and was later killed in Oregon during a period of anti-Asian unrest. According to Representative Horton, this inspired Jew’s belief that “not only should Asians understand their own heritage…all Americans must know about the contributions and histories of the Asian-Pacific American experience in the United States” (Rep. Horton (NY). “Asian/Pacific-American Heritage Month,” Congressional Record 138 (4 Oct. 1992) p. 31364–access for UHM users via HeinOnline).

In 1977, Horton and Representative Norman Mineta (D-CA) introduced legislation in the House of Representatives designating the first week in May as a time to celebrate the contributions of Asian and Pacific Americans to the United States. They invited Senators Daniel Inouye and Spark Matsunaga to introduce it at the same time in the Senate.

Letter from Rep. Frank Horton inviting Senators Daniel Inouye and Spark Matsunaga to propose a Senate resolution designating the first Asian Pacific American Heritage Week, June 28, 1977. Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers.

Inouye and Matsunaga agreed, and introduced S.Res.72 on July 19, 1977. The following year, H.J.Res.1007 “authorizing and requesting the President to proclaim the 7-day period beginning on May 4, 1979, as “Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week” passed both House and Senate and was signed by President Carter on October 5, 1978, becoming Public Law 95-419.

The first Asian Pacific American Heritage Week was celebrated from May 4-10, 1979. This period was selected in order to commemorate May 7, 1979, the 136th anniversary of the arrival of the first Japanese immigrants in the United States, and May 10, 1979, the 110th anniversary of “Golden Spike Day,” honoring the contributions of Chinese Americans to the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad.

Left: Ruby G. Moy and Senator Spark Matsunaga at a reception to honor the Congressional sponsors of the Asian Pacific American Heritage Week legislation, May 3, 1979. Right: Representative Norman Mineta, Senator Daniel Inouye, Dr. Clifford Uyeda and Mike Masaoka of the Japanese American Citizens League, and Senator Spark Matsunaga. Photo credit: Planned Photography, Vince Finnigan & Associates. Senator Spark M. Matsunaga Papers.

Among the week’s events were film screenings, martial arts and ikebana demonstrations, a wayang kulit performance, poetry readings, and a broadcast of interviews with author and playwright Frank Chin, and Golden Pearl band members Nobuko JoAnne Miyamoto and Chris Ijima (Ijima later taught in UH’s William S. Richardson School of Law). There was a disco, and, on the other side of the continent, a fun run around Lake Merritt.

Flyers for Asian Pacific American Heritage Week events, May 1979. Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers.

There were plenty of policy events as well. Then-Representative Daniel Akaka gave a talk on education and the Native Hawaiian community. The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights hosted “a two-day consultation on a variety of Asian and Pacific American civil rights-related issues, including census undercount, immigration/refugees, women’s issues, territorial people’s concerns, selected issues in employment, education, housing, and mental health.”

After 1979, Asian Pacific American Heritage Week was annually proclaimed by the President, and in 1990 was extended to an entire month. In 1992, Representative Horton introduced H.R.5572, which permanently designated the month of May as Asian Pacific American Heritage Month. Original co-sponsors of that legislation included Hawai‘i’s Representative Patsy Mink and Representative Neil Abercrombie, along with Rep. Norman Mineta (D-CA), Rep. Robert Matsui (D-CA), Rep. Susan Molinari (R-NY), Rep. Eni F. H. Faleomavaega (D-AS-At Large), and Rep. Ben G. Blaz (R-GU-At Large). The bill was signed by President George H. W. Bush on October 23, 1992, becoming Public Law 102-450.

This year, APAHM celebrations are all happening online. Just like 1979, there are film screenings, panel discussions, performances, and–of course–dance parties.

The Senator Daniel K. Inouye Papers and the Senator Spark M. Matsunaga Papers are part of the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection in UH Mānoa Library’s University Archives & Manuscripts Department. They are open for research. 

Additional Resources:

Robert W. Wilcox (Hawaiian Independent Party/Home Rule Party) was Hawai‘i’s first Territorial Delegate to the U.S. Congress. He served from 1900 to 1903 and was the first Asian Pacific American to serve in Congress. Learn about other APAs in Congress at Asian Pacific Islander Americans in Congress, an online exhibition maintained by the House of Representatives Office of the Historian and Office of Art and Archives. (It will come as no surprise that Hawai‘i is very well represented in this list.)

PBS’s The Asian Americans, a 5-hour film series that documents the contributions of Asian Americans in U.S. history, premiers on May 11 at 8pm Hawai‘i time. More info at PBS Hawai‘i.


New Online Exhibit – THE LUCIANO MINERBI COLLECTION: 50 years of collaborative Community Activism through Urban and Regional Planning

The UH Mānoa Archives is pleased to announce “The Luciano Minerbi Collection: ​50 years of collaborative community activism through urban and ​regional planning,” an online exhibit by LIS student intern Sharnelle Renti-Cruz.

This page replicates Sharnelle’s exhibit text and captures a few of the images she used, but please also check out the original exhibit site to see its proper formatting and additional content.

Welina mai! ​Welcome to the Luciano Minerbi Collection: ​50 years of collaborative community activism through urban and regional planning

An online exhibition of the collaborative work of Dr. Luciano Minerbi a Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, his colleagues and his students work on Community activism in Hawaiian and other Pacific island communities, as well as the field of planning.

This exhibit features the various items held in the Luciano Minerbi Collection which is housed at the University Archives at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

Dr. Minerbi’s collaborative work on sustainable island development in urban and rural settings, watershed, and ahupuaʻa (land division) management, cultural impact assessments, heritage landscape analysis, community planning, and place-based managements have long been of help to local Hawaiian communities and global communities outside of Hawaiʻi.

Who is Luciano Minerbi?

Recent portrait of Luciano Minerbi

Luciano Minerbi

Born and raised in Milan, Italy, Luciano Minerbi earned his Doctoral degree in Architecture from the Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy, and went on to pursue a Master of Urban Planning from the University of Washington in Seattle. Minerbi trained in Architecture, Urban design, and Urbanism in Italy, and Urban and Regional planning in the United States of America; thus making him a well versed individual.

​From 1969-1973 Luciano was the Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban and Regional Planning, later becoming an Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban and Regional Planning from 1973-1980, working his way up to Professor of Urban and Regional Planning from 1980 to 2018.

As an advocate for local communities to inventory cultural resources for their management and protection from development, Luciano has been the recipient of numerous community service awards and local planning recognitions. Some of his past projects include: land use, environmental management, CZM, PRA, CBED, PAR, Village planning, subsistence practices, responsible eco-cultural tourism, community resilience, and behavioral evacuation from natural disasters and labor force analysis. In the past he has served on the Kahana Valley Living Park Planning Council, the Honolulu Commissions on Housing and Community Development and on the Neighborhood Board and Community Center of his McCully-Mōʻiliʻili District.

Along with two other colleagues, Dr. Jon Matsuoka and Dr. Davianna Pōmaikaʻi McGregor, founded the Cultural Advocacy Network Developing Options (C.A.N.D.O.) to assist local communities, with an interest in helping rural Hawaiian communities. Through their work they were able to identify and map cultural resources in various communities, enabling communities to better manage, and identify cultural resources to be better able to protect them from development. The Hui (group) of Matsuoka, McGregor, and Minerbi refer to themselves as “3M” and have conducted several seminal studies which set the standard for the protocol of cultural impact studies utilizing key informant interviews, focus groups, and cultural mapping, ethnographic documentation and where appropriate, random sample surveys. C.A.N.D.O.’s advisory research and resource group members included in 1991 Native Hawaiian practitioners and professionals were composed of academics, government planners, community leaders, a physician, and an attorney who initiated ways to incorporate cultural values in planning, and in the Environmental Impact Statement process.

All of Professor Minerbi’s educational, research, and consulting work and service are planning in island settings focused, showcasing his commitment to serving the local and indigenous communities and non-profit organizations. Past projects included work with the City and County of Honolulu Commission on Housing and Community Development, various Neighborhood boards, rural city councils, State, Federal, and Global agencies, island Governments or organizations throughout the Pacific region including: Hawai‘i, American Sāmoa , Independent Sāmoa, the Canary Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Palau, Solomon islands, Tonga and Timor Leste.

Collection Series: A list and description of the three main series within the Luciano Minerbi Collection

1) UHM Research Projects and Practicum

Collage of materials from Series 1

This series includes materials related to research projects and practica which were conducted through the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Items found in this series include the projects not related to island planning research, or instructional projects. Examples include the following projects: Waipiʻo Valley Practicum, Pāpōhakū Sand Dunes, Ala Kahaakai Trails, Kahumana Farms, Hanalei Valley Planning Project, etc.


2) Island Planning Research and Instructional Projects

Site description forms from Series 2

This series is comprised of the various projects that addressed the issue of sustainable island development in urban and rural settings projects, instructional class projects of Dr. Minerbi, Island Planning Research projects. A list of some of the projects found in this series include work from PLAN courses such as: PLAN 600 Public Policy and Planning theory, PLAN 636 Comparative Urbanism, PLAN 640 Land Use Policies and Programs, etc.


3) Contract Projects

Map of Ahupua'a on the Kona coast from Series 3This series includes the projects which Dr. Minerbi was individually or team contracted to do with C.A.N.D.O. (Cultural Advocacy Network Developing Options) team along with Dr. Davianna McGregor and Dr. Jon Matsuoka. Work includes projects such a: The Sāmoa Village Planning project, and the North Kohala Native Hawaiian Cultural Landscape Assessment.

Aloha from the new Congressional Papers Archivist!

Aloha kākou! I’m Dawn Sueoka, and I’m delighted to join the UH Mānoa Library’s Archives & Manuscripts Department as the new Congressional Papers Archivist. A little bit about me: my ancestors are originally from Japan; they settled on Kaua‘i—in Kōloa and Kapa‘a—four generations ago. I grew up in Central O‘ahu and on Kaua‘i. (And, in response to one of Hawai‘i’s most ubiquitous and revealing getting-to-know-you questions: Moanalua High School.)

My job as Congressional Papers Archivist is to collect, preserve, promote, and facilitate access to the Hawai‘i Congressional Papers Collection, which comprises the papers of members of Hawai‘i’s Congressional delegation from 1959 to the present. It includes the papers of Senators Hiram Fong, Daniel Inouye, Spark Matsunaga, and Daniel Akaka; as well as the papers of Representatives Thomas Gill, Pat Saiki, Neil Abercrombie, and Ed Case. All together, these collections measure over 4,000 linear feet–that’s almost ¾ mile of Hawai‘i’s 20th and 21st-century political history!

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CTAHR History: Wahiawa Pineapple Festival Exhibition and Recipes from the Cooperative Extension Service

Some of the oldest records in the University Archives are found in the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR) collection.  Act 24 signed by Governor Carter on May 24, 1907 established the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai‘i as a Land Grant college under the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890, and since then various internal and external entities have been assumed under CTAHR.

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Updates on University Archives & Manuscripts services

As noted by our colleagues in the Library’s Hawaiian & Pacific Collections, Hamilton Library is operating under extraordinary circumstances.

While the Archives’ reading room hours currently remain the same–Tuesday-Friday, 9:30-3:30–the Library building is open only to UH (including East-West Center) students, faculty, and staff with valid ID.

Additionally, we will be following our colleagues’ lead in prioritizing the needs of UH patrons over all other users until such time as normalcy returns to campus.

This page will be updated as the situation changes.  In the meantime, thank you for your patience, and please take care of each other.

1930 UH Graduate won first Documentary Film Oscar in 1941

Gladys Li as shown in Ka Palapala

Gladys Li as shown in Ka Palapala

You may have seen the PBS documentary Finding Kukan, about the story of Li Ling-Ai, a female film producer from Hawai‘i who was uncredited for her work on an Oscar-winning documentary about World War II in China called Kukan.  Winning an Honorary Academy Award in 1941—the first instance of an Oscar being bestowed to a documentary before becoming an official category the next year—Kukan introduced audiences to the ethnicities within China and provided the only ground-level footage of the bombing of Chongqing by the Japanese Air Force in World War II.  Finding Kukan producer and director Robin Lung brought to light Ling-Ai’s story, which had gone untold for decades. Both mysteries are unraveled over a seven-year journey in Finding Kukan.

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