CTAHR History: Wahiawa Pineapple Festival Exhibition and Recipes from the Cooperative Extension Service

Some of the oldest records in the University Archives are found in the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR) collection.  Act 24 signed by Governor Carter on May 24, 1907 established the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai‘i as a Land Grant college under the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890, and since then various internal and external entities have been assumed under CTAHR.

In 1914 the establishment of the nationwide Cooperative Extension Service through the Smith-Lever Act authorized the Congress to fund agricultural colleges so that they could “aid in diffusing among people of the United States useful and practical information on subjects relating to agriculture and home economics, and to encourage the application of the same.” However, it was not until the Hawai‘i Act in 1928 that the University of Hawai‘i’s College of Applied Science secured Smith-Lever funds, and today’s Cooperative Extension Service started under the leadership of Frederick Krauss the year later.

By 1940, extension agents were operating from nine field offices in Wailuku, Hilo, Kohala, Kealakekua, Lihu‘e, Kaunakakai, Honolulu, Wahiawa, and Kane‘ohe. Each office had at least one agricultural agent and one home demonstration agent. These employees and those of the Experiment Stations merged with the agriculture and home economics teaching faculty in the College of Applied Science with the establishment of the College of Agriculture in 1947.

Cooperative Extension Agents taught classes in various subjects relating to farm and home management, such as animal husbandry and food preservation. Records from the Extension service provide valuable information on topics of interest by the populace as well as activities. Here are just two examples:

The Wahiawa Pineapple Festival has been entertaining and engaging the public for decades. Documents from the Hawai‘i Cooperative Extension Service, part of the CTAHR collection, give us backstage access to how the festival was organized in 1949. The festival was home to various cooking competitions for both teens and adults. Categories included cake, cookies, pastries, and an entire section dedicated to jams and jellies. The grand prize winner in the adult category took home $25, adjusted for inflation that would be approximately $270 today.


Sample exhibitor’s check for a Home Economics Show from one of the Wahiawa Pineapple Festivals.

Home Demonstration Agents were a vital part of the Hawai‘i Cooperative Extension Services. These agents, most of whom were women, formed clubs all across the Hawaiian Islands. These clubs would hold meetings and classes for other women in the community as well as plan fun public activities like the Wahiawa Pineapple Festival. Home Demonstration Agents were also heavily involved with the Hawai‘i 4H Club, which is still active today. One of the subjects Home Agents focused on was family nutrition. Below are recipes from the Hawai‘i Cooperative Extension Service series from the year 1956. To learn more about the Hawai‘i Cooperative Extension Service, visit the University of Hawai‘i Archives in Hamilton library.

Creamed Chicken De Lux

  • ⅓ Cup butter or margarine
  • ⅔ Cup sliced mushrooms
  • ¼ cup flour
  • ¾ teasp. Salt
  • Dash Pepper
  • 1 ⅓ cups chicken broth
  • ½ cup light cream
  • 1 ⅓ cups cut-up cooked chicken
  • 2 egg yolks, beaten

In top of double boiler over direct heat, melt butter; add mushrooms and saute 5 min. Stir in flour, salt, pepper, till smooth; place over boiling water. Slowly stir in broth and cream; cook, stirring, until thickened. Add chicken; heat well. Just before serving, remove from heat; pour slowly over beaten egg yolks, stirring constantly. Return mixture to double boiler, and cook until thickened, no longer. Makes 4 servings.


Creamed Chicken, Chinese Style

  • 3 Tablesp. Cornstarch
  • 2 cups milk
  • 2 cups diced, cooked, or canned chicken
  • 1 can condensed cream-of-mushroom
  • 1 3-oz. Can chopped mushroom, undrained
  • 1 8-oz. Can water chestnuts, drained, sliced
  • ⅛ teasp. Each of salt, pepper, dried marjoram, and msg
  • ½ teasp. Paprika
  • 1 tablesp. Sherry2 3-oz. or 1 6-oz. can chow-mein noodles

In a saucepan, mix cornstarch with some milk to form smooth paste; add rest of ingredients except noodles. Cook over low heat till bubbling hot. Arrange noodles in a large platter; spoon on chicken. Makes 6 servings.


Cream Cheese Fruit Salad

  • 1 cup grated yellow cheese
  • ½ cup nut meats
  • 1 small can crushed pineapple (use juice for part of water in jello)
  • 1 cup whipped cream
  • 1 pkg. lime and 1 pkg. of lemon jello (whip jello after it thickens)
  • 1 tablesp. Lemon juice

Mix altogether and freeze. Serves 8-10.


Frozen Tropical Jellied Salad

  • 1 cup puree – such as guava (plus ½ T. gelatin), papaya (plus 2T. gelatin), or mango (plus ½ T. gelatin)
  • ¼ cup cold water
  • 1 T. Lemon Juice
  • ¼ cup sugar
  • ⅛ tsp. Salt
  • 1 ½ cup diced tropical fruits

Soak gelatin in cold water for 5 minutes and dissolve it in hot water. Mix puree, sugar, and salt and add slowly to the hot gelatin; cool, and add lemon juice. Pour mixture over 1 ½ cups tropical fruits; package and freeze. (Pineapple must be cooked 3 minutes before it is mixed with gelatin, otherwise the enzymes liquify gelatin.)



  • 1 ¼ cups sifted all-purpose flour
  • ½ teasp. Baking powder
  • ½ teasp. Salt
  • ½ teasp. Cinnamon
  • ¼ teasp. Allspice
  • ¼ teasp. Powdered cloves
  • ¼ teasp. Nutmeg
  • ¾ cup seedless raisins
  • ½ cup cut-up, pitted dates
  • ½ cup diced preserved citron
  • 1 cup diced mixed preserved fruits
  • ½ cup chopped walnuts
  • ½ cup soft shortening
  • ¼ cup light-brown sugar, packed
  • ½ cup corn syrup
  • 2 eggs, unbeaten
  • 2 tablesp. Orange juice

Start heating the oven to 300°F. Line about 30 small cups with packaged paper cupcake liners. Sift together the first 7 ingredients. Combine raisins and next 4 ingredients; mix in ¼ cup flour mixture.

With an electric mixer at “cream” (or with spoon), mix shortening with sugar until very light and fluffy – about 4 min. At low speed, or “blend”, beat in syrup, then ½ cup flour mixture, and lastly, eggs and orange juice. Stir in fruit mixture, then remaining flour mixture. Turn into cupcake cups. Bake for 1 hr. Brush tops with beaten egg while; decorate with slivered almonds and halves of candied cherries. Bake for 15 min. longer, or until done. Cool on a wire rack. Makes about 30.


Mochi Four Dumplings

 Prepared by Thelma Woo – East Hawai‘i HHDC Demonstration

  • 1 pkg mochi flour
  • 1 c. water (¼ c. more if too dry)
  • ⅓ pkg mochi flour for rolling

Add water to 1 package mochi flour. Mix until flour leaves the side of the bowl; knead for a few minutes. Put dry mochi flour on hand to prevent sticking and make balls out of mixture a little larger than marbles. Drop into boiling water; take out as soon as they rise to the surface. Cool on a cake rack or plate until warm; roll in the following mixture until well coated. Serve on colored toothpick.

  • 1 c. crushed, roasted, non-salted peanuts
  • ½ c. toasted, white sesame seeds
  • 1 cup grated coconut
  • 1 c. sugar



Prepared by Emma Kuoha – Liliha U. E. Club

  • 1# fresh pork, preferably with some fat
  • ½# salted salmon or butterfish
  • 2# taro leaves
  • 12 ti leaves (2 per laulau)

Wash the taro leaves (luau), remove the stem and tough fibrous part of the rib. Prepare ti leaves. Remove stiff rib from the underside of the leaf by cutting partially through the rib and stripping it from the leaf. Wash leaves.

Divide pork and fish into 6 parts. Wrap a piece of pork and fish together in 8-10 taro leaves. Then place the wrapped pork and luau in the center of the ti leaves. Pull up the ti leaves and tie the ends securely from the stem eds of the ti leaves. If preferred, the laulau may be wrapped in one large leaf with another leaf wrapped around it in the opposite direction, akin a flat package, this should be tied securely with string.

Steam the Laulau 4 hours or longer in a covered steamer or in the oven at 300°F. Sweet potatoes and baking bananas may be steamed with the laulaus during the last 2 hours of cooking.

If desired, laulaus may be cooked in the pressure cooker for 1 ½ hours at 15-pounds pressure.

Makes 6 laulaus.


Updates on University Archives & Manuscripts services

As noted by our colleagues in the Library’s Hawaiian & Pacific Collections, Hamilton Library is operating under extraordinary circumstances.

While the Archives’ reading room hours currently remain the same–Tuesday-Friday, 9:30-3:30–the Library building is open only to UH (including East-West Center) students, faculty, and staff with valid ID.

Additionally, we will be following our colleagues’ lead in prioritizing the needs of UH patrons over all other users until such time as normalcy returns to campus.

This page will be updated as the situation changes.  In the meantime, thank you for your patience, and please take care of each other.

Department launches new branding posters

When a retiring faculty with a 40-year tenure at UHM was surprised to learn of the existence of the University Archives and Manuscripts Department–and that we were interested in acquiring his papers–it became evident to Archivist for University Records Helen Wong Smith that serious outreach was required.

Aware that the Hawai’i State Archives now distributes annual posters highlighting their collections, Helen suggested to Manuscript Collections Archivist (and Department Chair) Leilani Dawson that the University Archives and Manuscript Collections consider a similar approach.

The process of designing their own poster for October’s National Archives Month revealed the need for a professional graphic artist to help the two archivists create eye-catching and succinct media.  After investigating several options and learning that Marween Yagin (Graphics Media Design of the Center for Instructional Support) welcomed the opportunity to employ his design skills, Helen provided him with images from their collecting areas, which include:

  • the University Archives, which contain UH-related records of enduring value as well as personal papers of faculty, administrators, staff, and alumni;
  • the Hawai’i Congressional Papers Collection (HCPC), containing the personal papers of nine of Hawai’i’s sixteen members of Congress and its last Territorial Delegate, including John Burns, Senators Daniel K. Inouye and Daniel Akaka, as well as Governor Abercrombie;
  • and the Manuscript Collections, which includes the Japanese American Veterans Collection, Democratic Party Records, Hawai’i War Records Depository, and the newly acquired David McEwan, M.D. AIDS and Same Sex Marriage in Hawai’i Papers.

Yagin’s selected design template incorporates the architectural features of Hamilton Library where the collections are located with a singular identified and dated image accompanied by a listing of some of the collections to be found in the University Archives and Manuscript Department. Web appropriate versions will be utilized online toward a cohesive “branding.”

The department is currently investigating the logistics of posting the posters around campus and distributing them to other historical repositories, so expect to see them soon!

1930 UH Graduate won first Documentary Film Oscar in 1941

Gladys Li as shown in Ka Palapala

Gladys Li as shown in Ka Palapala

You may have seen the PBS documentary Finding Kukan, about the story of Li Ling-Ai, a female film producer from Hawai‘i who was uncredited for her work on an Oscar-winning documentary about World War II in China called Kukan.  Winning an Honorary Academy Award in 1941—the first instance of an Oscar being bestowed to a documentary before becoming an official category the next year—Kukan introduced audiences to the ethnicities within China and provided the only ground-level footage of the bombing of Chongqing by the Japanese Air Force in World War II.  Finding Kukan producer and director Robin Lung brought to light Ling-Ai’s story, which had gone untold for decades. Both mysteries are unraveled over a seven-year journey in Finding Kukan.

Punahou graduate Li Ling-Ai went by Gladys Ling Oi Li while at UH, where she graduated in Language, Literature, Art.  While a member of a variety of literary and honor societies, it’s interesting to note she did not belong to the Chinese Students’ Alliance.  Her activities at the time of her 1930 graduation included:

  • A. W. – Executive Committee
  • Berndt Stage
  • Cosmopolitan Club
  • Dramatic Nights.
  • Hawaii Quill – President & VP
  • Hawaii Quill Magazine – Staff
  • Hui Po‘okela
  • Ka Leo – Staff
  • Ka Palapala – Staff
  • University Chorus
  • University Press Club

Upon graduation, she made the “Who’s Who.”

Photos of Li and others arrayed as winners of a personality contest judged by Lon Chaney, along with Chaney's letter explaining his judging.

Li’s relationship with Hollywood started in her junior year, as evidenced by the letter from horror star Lon Chaney.


UH and ASUH ownership of the Honolulu Stadium

At one time the University of Hawaiʻi (UH) and the Associated Students of the University of Hawaiʻi (ASUH) were the major shareholders of the Honolulu Stadium located on King and Isenberg Streets.  From 1926 to 1976 the “Termite Palace[1]” hosted thousands of high school and UH football games, was the home of the Triple-A Pacific Coast Leagues’ Hawaii Islanders, and hosted notables such as Elvis, Babe Ruth, Irving Berlin, and Billy Graham, at times exceeding its 26, 000 seat capacity.

Early 20th Century UH cheerleaders lined up on the field of the Honolulu Stadium.

Continue reading

Found in the Archives: 1903 and 1911 Agricultural Federal Bulletins Published in Hawaiian

Established in Hawaiʻi in 1901, one of the services of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Experiment Stations was to assist local farmers on widely cultivated local products. This work was recognized on the national level, “[a]s institutions that could not survive without public support, communication with the main supporting group of the general public, the farmers, was essential (Knoblauch, 1962).” The second Bulletin of the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station (HAES), The Root Rot of Taro—written by agriculturist Thomas Sedgwick advocating traditional methods of crop rotation and plant care in 1902—was followed the next year with a Hawaiian language synopsis as Bulletin 4. Continue reading

Announcing the Roger A. Long Papers

This post was written by University Archives & Manuscripts student assistant Sharnelle Renti Cruz.

Headshot of Roger Long

One of the many portrait photos Roger Long used for his actor’s portfolio.

The Roger A. Long Papers contain the research and academic work of Roger Long, the former Associate Dean of the College of Arts and Humanities and Emeritus professor of Asian Theatre at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.  His lifelong passion of Indonesian Wayang Kulit (Javanese Shadow puppetry) is truly preserved and represented in this collection of biographical materials, which include his correspondence, a sampling of materials relating to theatrical productions, audio recordings, scrapbooks about Malaysian theatre, photographs of Southeast Asian theatrical performances, an actor’s portfolio of professional photographs, and both published and unpublished writings. Continue reading